The first teeth we receive as babies are the milk teeth. These teeth develop before a baby is born and usually start to develop when a child is 6-12 months old.
When a child is 3 years old, a complete set of twenty teeth can be expected. They should keep these teeth safe and clean for a few more years and will help them to eat, talk and avoid problems as the teeth of the adult grow in.
When a child is 5 to 6 years old, his milk teeth will begin to drop gradually after adult teeth grow.
It is expected from 12 to 14 years that all baby teeth will have been lost and replaced by a complete set of adult teeth.
A complete set of teeth for adults is a total of 32 teeth. This covers the teeth of wisdom that grow at the back of your mouth. This is usually much later in the age of 17 and 21 years. Wisdom teeth don’t grow at all for some people. We will always be their to help you on the development of wisdom teeth.
Sometimes people get into difficulties with their wisdom teeth. This could be down to positioning, mouth space, or the direction in which they grow. Wisdom teeth problems can cause pain and more severe problems and they must sometimes be removed.
Removal of the wisdom teeth depends on the mouth position. In some cases, we remove wisdom teeth with only local anesthesia. However, some people might need a general anesthetic to remove them.
The different types of teeth:
- Incisors are used to cut and cut food into small pieces; these are the front teeth, 4 on the bottom and 4 on the top.
- Canine teeth helps to tear up chewy foods like meat. They are located next to your incisors, and you have 2 in your top midge and 2 in the lower midge.
- Premolars are placed near your teeth. A complete set of adult teeth normally contains eight premolars with 4 above and 4 below. We rely on these teeth to melt and crush food pieces. These teeth, unlike your narrow sharp fore teeth, are wider and larger, with a flat surface on the ground.
- Molars grow at the back of the mouth and a total of 8 adult teeth should be present, 4 at the top and 4 at the bottom of the jaw. These teeth are your most powerful and we rely on them to grind our food, so swallowing is safe.
The parts of our teeth
The crown is the part of the tooth which is visible to you above the gum line. The enamel covers the crown and is hard and shiny, in fact enamel is the hardest material present in the body and acts to protect the sensitive inner parts of the tooth.
The dentine makes up most of the tooth and protects the inner part called the pulp. The pulp collects each tooth’s blood supply and nerve endings, a strong blood supply keeps the tooth alive and healthy and the nerve endings help to send messages to your brain alerting you to the temperature of your food or if the tooth is damaged or decayed.
The cementum covers and protects the root of the tooth, which also hosts the pulp. The periodontal fibres connect the tooth to the jawbone.